Abstracts

Ain’t First Used by English in 1778

The English get the blame for “ain’t” after allproofs of the new “Dictionary of American English” disclose that the contraction, roundly assailed by purists, was first used in Britain in 1778. This was a year before any American record of it.

The British can rib us about “awful” in its sense of “very unpleasant, disagreeable, ugly or objectionable”, the dictionary says. A bit of doggerel published by Thomas G. Fessenden is the first instance of record of the characteristically American use of the word. The lines run:

“I fear our nation”

“ Is in an awful situation.”

Another American meaning of the adverb “awfully” as “very” goes back to 1788. In “Mary Dewees Journal” of that year occurs the line”

“It was really awfully pleasing to behold the clouds.”

The dictionary has been in preparation ten years. Its first section is now in the proof-reading stage preparatory to publication soon.

Chemical Development

In 1825 Faraday discovered benzene, which was distilled from sticky, smelly, worthless coal tar. England began working on coal distillation from which we now make in addition to benzene or benzol, creosote oil, carboric acid and cresols which form the basis of dye-stuffs, explosives, disinfectants, pharmaceutical and synthetic resins, refined tar which paves the highways of the world, and many other useful products.—Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering.

Dr. William D. Sansum advises Five Meals Daily

Add two more meals to your daily dining routine and be rid of that tired feeling.

That was the recommendation of Dr. William D. Sansum, dietetics authority for many screen stars. What this country needs, said the dietitian, is five meals a day.

If you’ve lost your appetite, your patience and your good humor, you’re hungry, he insisted.

“It is obvious we have the wrong system even in our eating of three meals,” says Dr. Sansum. “Most of the world’s work is done in the morning. We need the fullest energy, as provided by our food, at that time, yet we reserve the largest of the day for dinner time, in the evening, just before we go to bed.”

Blood sugar is the “carburetor” of the human body, said Dr. Sansum.

“When we wake in the morning,” he explained, “the sugar content of the blood is about a tenth of 1 per cent. after we eat breakfast, the content rises to about .15 of 1 per cent.

“It is from this sugar we derive our energy, our ability to act and think intelligently. When the sugar rating is .15 of 1 per cent, we have individually, maximum efficiency. Many office workers do without breakfast, or at least a suitable one. By the time 10:30 arrives, the blood sugar content is down to about .08 of 1 per cent—a point which it is impossible to function, either mentally or physically, satisfactorily.”