Causes of Caries. A Symposium

The Role of Saliva in the Production of Dental Caries.

Some Eminent Authorities Join in a Symposium on Various Phases of this Problem

Question No. 10

 

DO YOU CONSIDER THAT THE PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL MAKEUP OF THE SALIVE INLFLUENCES THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF DENTAL CARIES?

CHARLES F. BODECKER,

New York City.

 

Saliva seems to have a dental protective function as shown by the marked increase of dental caries in xerostomia (reduction of amount of saliva). But the chemical analysis of salivas of caries-immune and caries-susceptible persons show little, generally accepted chemical differences.

J. D. BOYD,

College of Medicine,

University of Iowa.

 

                No evidence of such from our observations.

RALPH HOWARD BRODSKY,

New York City.

 

The evidence presented up to the present time is not conclusive. The probability is, however, that it is a significant factor.

RUSSEL W. BUNTING,

School of Dentistry,

University of Michigan.

 

Highly probable but as yet unknown.

WAITE A. COTTON,

New York University,

College of Dentistry.

 

In a limited degree only.

MILTON T. HANKE,

Chicago, III.

 

This is possible; but has not been proved.

HAROLD V. HAWKINS,

Los Angeles, California.

 

Yes.

FRANCES KRASNOW,

The Murry and Leonie Guggenheim

Dental Clinic,

New York City.

 

For the most part, the character of the saliva is a resultant of body metabolism. It may be that variation in saliva make-up precedes visible changes in the teeth. However, most marked variations in salivary composition are perhaps concurrent with the dental disease processes. Therefore, one may affect the other, but evidence seems to indicate that the effect of saliva upon the teeth is probably greater.

I. NEWTON KUGELMAS,

1060 Park Avenue,

New York City.

 

The saliva is a protective mechanism rather than a destructive one. The buffering of its chemical constituents is usually protective of any dental destruction.

E. V. McCOLLUM,

Johns Hopkins University,

Baltimore, Maryland.

 

Yes, but am unable to support this view by any recorded analytical data.

ARTHUR H. MERRITT,

580 Fifth Avenue,

New York City.

 

Yes, very probably.

M. FRANCIS WIELAGE,

ADA M. WIELAE,

Miami, Florida.

 

Yes, very much so.